Antifragile: Things That Gain from Disorder: Nassim Nicholas Taleb (2012)
“To satisfy the conditions for such immortality, the organisms need to predict the future with perfection—near perfection is not enough. But by letting the organisms go one lifespan at a time, with modifications between successive generations, nature does not need to predict future conditions beyond the extremely vague idea of which direction things should be heading. Actually, even a vague direction is not necessary. Every random event will bring its own antidote in the form of ecological variation. It is as if nature changed itself at every step and modified its strategy every instant.”
[op. cit., p. 68]
Following the author’s advice, I do not recommend the reading, unless you want to have your sure perspective of life changed for ever. You need to be a biologist (or a trader, or a statistician) to follow through, ;-).
See on www.amazon.com